Last week, my four year old daughter, Sally, was invited to a children’s party. I decided to take her by train. Sally was very excited because she had never travelled on a train before. She sat near the window and asked questions about everything she saw. Suddenly, a middle-aged lady got on the train and sat opposite Sally.
“Hello, little girl.” She said. Sally did not answer, but looked at her curiously.
The lady was dressed in a blue coat and a large, funny hat. After the train had left the station, the lady opened her handbag and took out her powder compact(粉盒). She then began to make up her face.
“Why are you doing that?” Sally asked.
“To make myself beautiful,” the lady answered. She put away her compact and smiled kindly.
“But you are still ugly.” Sally said. Sally was amused, but I was very embarrassed!
1．my four-year-old daughter，我那4岁的女儿。
four-year-old 是名词 daughter的定语。各词用连字符连在一起，构成一个复合形容词。注意在这个复合词中仅用 year，而不用复数：
a thirteen-year-old girl 一个13岁的姑娘
2．… Sally was invited to a children’s party. ……萨莉被邀请去参加一个儿童聚会。
这是一个 的例子。在英文中，如果想避免用含混不清的词（如 someone等）作主语，常常可使用被动词态。（具体请参见本课 部分。）被动语态由相应的be动词加上过去分词构成：
It is repaired regularly.
They are corrected regularly.
He was met at the station this morning.
3．a middle-aged lady，一位中年女士。
6．make up her face，往她的脸上施脂粉。
7．To make myself beautiful …
这是一个省略句，句首省略了I am doing that，而只留下这个作目的状语的 短语。
： be +过去分词。
（1） 形式： am/are/is +过去分词：
The room is aired regularly.
The knives are sharpened regularly.
（2） 形式： was/were +过去分词：
She was dressed in red.
The windows were opened this morning.
amuse, embarrass, worry, surprise, interest, upset等：
She is embarrassed.
They were worried.
1 Sally is four years old.
2 Because Sally had never travelled on a train before.
3 She sat near the window.
4 A middle-aged lady got on the train.
5 The lady was dressed in a blue coat and a large, funny hat.
6 She opened her handbag and took out her powder compact.
Then she began to make up her face.
7 Because she wanted to make herself beautiful.
8 No, she didn’t.
1 Someone airs it regularly. It is aired regularly.
2 Someone cleans them regularly. They are cleaned regularly.
3 Someone empties it regularly. It is emptied regularly.
4 Someone sharpens it regularly. It is sharpened regularly.
5 Someone turns them on regularly. They are turned on regularly.
6 Someone waters them regularly. They are watered regularly.
7 Someone repairs it regularly. It is repaired regularly.
8 Someone dusts it regularly. It is dusted regularly.
9 Someone corrects them regularly. They are corrected regularly.
10 Someone shuts it regularly. It is shut regularly.
1 Someone watered them. They were watered this morning.
2 Someone repaired it. It was repaired this morning.
3 Someone dusted it. It was dusted this morning.
4 Someone corrected them. They were corrected this morning.
5 Someone shut it. It was shut this morning.
6 Someone bought them. They were bought this morning.
7 Someone swept it. It was swept this morning.
8 Someone took them to school. They were taken to school this morning.
9 Someone met them at the station. They were met at the station this morning.
10 Someone told them. They were told this morning.