One of the most famous monuments in the world, the Statue of Liberty, was presented to the United States of America in the nineteenth century by the people of France. The great statue, which was designed by the sculptor Auguste Bartholdi, took ten years to complete. The actual figure was made of copper supported by a metal framework which had been especially constructed by Eiffel. Before it could be transported to the United States, a site had to be found for it and a pedestal had to be built. The site chosen was an island at the entrance of New York Harbour. By 1884, a statue which was 151 feet tall had been erected in Paris. The following year, it was taken to pieces and sent to America. By the end of October 1886, the statue had been put together again and it was officially presented to the American people by Bartholdi. Ever since then, the great monument has been a symbol of liberty for the millions of people who have passed through New York Harbour to make their homes in America.
1．One of the most famous monuments in the world, the Statue of Liberty, was presented to… by the people of France. 世界上最著名的纪念碑之一的自由女神雕像是……由法国人民赠送给……的。
（1）one of 引导的短语（其后面名词要用复数）与 the Statue of…为同位语。
（2）the people 通常指某个国家的人民，指复数的“人们”时通常不用 the：
It was officially presented to the American people by Bartholdi.
He never pays attention to what people say.
A lot of / Few people went to their wedding.
2．The actual figure was made of copper…
made of 指用某种材料制成，并且原材料的性质或形状没变，从成品可以看出其原材料。（cf．第10课词汇学习）
3．it was taken to pieces，它被拆成若干小块。
take…to pieces 为固定短语，表示“把……拆开／拆散”：
When the machine broke down again, some mechanics took it to pieces.
This machine is too large to be transported in whole. It has to be taken to pieces first.
4．the statue had been put together again，这座雕像被重新组装起来。
put… together 为固定短语（是take…to pieces的反义词），表示“把……装配／组合起来”：
They managed to put the machine together.
I can’t put the broken vase together.
5．to make their homes in America，在美国安家落户。make one’s home 表示“定居”、“居住”：
Ian (has) left England and made his home in China.
noble adj. 高尚的，壮丽的
monument n. 纪念碑
statue n. 雕像
liberty n. 自由
present v. 赠送
sculptor n. 雕刻家
actual adj. 实际的，真实的
copper n. 铜
support v. 支持，支撑
framework n. 构架，框架
transport v. 运送
site n. 场地
pedestal n. 底座
The actual figure was supported by a metal framework.
Feeling weak, she supported herself against a desk and rested for a short time.
He made the right decision. Unfortunately, nobody supported him.
I supported his opinion that another bridge should be built over the river.
You need a high income these days to support a large family.
My son can support himself now.
We will send a present to our former headmaster.
The Statue of Liberty was presented to the United States of
America in the nineteenth century by the people of France.
自由女神雕像是在19世纪时由法国人民赠送给美国的。前一句中，present 是名词，重音在第1个音节上；后一句中，present 是动词，重音在第2个音节上。如下页所示，这些单词同present 相似，作动词时重音在后，作名词时重音在前，有些在意义上会发生变化
A was presented (1.2); was designed (1.4); took (1.4); was made of (1.5); supported by (1.5); had been… constructed (1.6); could be transported (1.7); had to be found (11.7-8); had to be built (1.8); was (1.8); was(1.9); had been erected(1.9); was taken to pieces(1.10); sent(1.10); had been put…was…presented(1.10); has been (1.12); have passed through(1.12)
1 ‘exported… ‘imported
(Note: the direct contrast between EXported and IMported in this sentence makes it necessary to stress the prefixes of these verbs. Normally, of course, the stress would be: ex’ported…im’ported.)
2 ‘records… ‘exports
1c 2d 3b 4a 5c 6c
7c 8d 9c 10b 11d 12b